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Diagnosis of pediatric diseases
       As the infant can not express the disease,the doctor infer the disease only from asking the relatives of the patient and inspection,auscultation and pluse-feeding.So it is also called mute department.
 
       Inspection
         
observation of physical condition and behavior


          complexion


          sprout and orifice
               
eyes,nose,ear,lip,throat,teeth,tongue,two lower orifices
         
hands and feet
          superficial collaterals of the index finger
   
      
Auscultation and Olfaction 
         
crying
          voice
          breath
          cough
          odour

       Inter-rogation  
         
cold and heat
          sweat
          head and body
          urine and stool
          diet
          sleep

      
Pulse take and Palpation
         
Pulse
         
floating
          deep
          slow
          rapid
          taut 
          slippery
         
Palpation
          head and fonticulus
          skin
          abdomen
          limbs

             Bianzheng
        Assaying and synthesizing the history,symptoms and signs etc.to draw a
correct conclusion is called Bianzheng.It conclues Eight Principles Bianzheng,
zang-fu
Bianzheng,causes Bianzheng,Tri-energizer Bianzheng,Qi-blood Bianzheng
etc.
 
      Eight Principles Bianzheng
 
Exterior and Interior
   
Exterior
    exterior cold
    exterior heat
    exterior excess
    exterior deficiency
    Interior
    inrerior heat
    interior cold
    interior excess
    interior deficiency
    Both Exterior and Inrerior
 
Cold and Heat
   
Cold
    deficiency cold
    excessive cold
    Heat
   
deficiency heat
    excessive heat  

 
Deficiency and Excess
   
deficiency syngrome
    excess syndrome
 
 Yin and Yang
  
Yin
syndrome
   Yang syndrome

         Zang and  Fu Bianzheng

  Heart
     Heart -yang deficiency
     heart-yin deficiency
     heart-fire flaring
     mental disturbance due to phlegm-fire
     breakdown of coordination between heart and kidney
     qi and blood deficiency in heart and spleen
  Small Intestine
     small intestine deficiency
     small intestine excessive heat   
  Liver
     stagnation of liver-
qi
    
hyperactivity of liver-yang
    
liver-yin deficiency
     up-stirring of liver-wind
     liver-qi attacking stomach
     liver and kidney's yin deficiency
  Gallbladder
     gallbladder deficiency
     gallbladder excessive heat
  Spleen
     spleen-yang deficiency
     middle-qi deficiency
     accumulation of damp-heat in spleen
     accumulation of cold-damp in spleen
     yang deficiendy ofspllen and kindey
  Stomach
     stomach cold
     stomach heat
     stomach deficiency
     stomach excess
  Lung
     wind-cold attack of lung
     obstruction of lung due to phlegm-damp
     lung-qi deficiency
     lung-yin deficiency
     heat exopathogen attack lung
     spleen-lung deficiency
  Large Intestine
    
large Intestine cold
     large Intestine heat
     large Intestine deficiency
     large Intestine excess
  Kidney
     kidney-yin deficiency
     kidney-yang deficiency
     eczema due to kidney-yang deficiency
     failure in receiving qi due to kidney deficiency
     fire flaring due to kidney-yin deficiency
     lung and kidney deficiency
     spleen and kidney deficiency
  

          Tri-energizer Bianzheng

        Tri-energizer including upper-energizer, middle-energizer, lower-energizer.Its
function is to control the qi activities and to make the passage of water unblocked.
Tri-energizer Bianzheng refers to a guideline to differentiate syndromesfor treating
 epidemic febrile diseases.
 
            Causes Bianzheng
 
  Six Exopathic Factors
     
wind
      cold
      summer-heat
      dampness
      dry
      fire
 
   Seven enclogenous factors
     
joy
      anger
      melancholy
      anxiety
      grief
      fear
      terror
  
   Non-endo-exo-pathogcnic factors
     
diet
      fatigue
      trauma
      beasts and insects
      drowning
      phlegm